B.W. Johnson Commentary on St. Luke 3:7-22
From The People's New Testament, B.W. Johnson, 1891.
7. Offspring of vipers. Spoken to the Pharisees (Matt. 3:7).
10, 11. What shall we do? Note, (1) Those that are baptized must be taught; and those who have  baptized them are concerned, as they have opportunity, to teach them (Matt. 28:19, 20). (2) In John's answer we have his moral system. His morality differs from that of the Lord, inasmuch as the former lays more stress upon the regulation of the external conduct, while Jesus lays more upon that of the inner life.
12. Publicans. The gatherers of the Roman tax.
14. And the soldiers. Whether these were Jews or Romans cannot be ascertained. It is not improbable that, as Judea was a Roman province, they were Jews or Jewish proselytes in the service of Herod Antipas or Philip, and so were really in the Roman service.
19, 20. But Herod the tetrarch. See notes on Matt. 14:1-12; also Mark 6:14-18.
21, 22. Jesus also being baptized. See notes on Matt. 3:13-17; also Mark 1:9-11.
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