Sermons Based on the Lectionary of the Syrian Orthodox Church
Koodosh Eatho - Sermon / Homily on Matthew 16:13-23
Whom Do Men Say That I Am?
by Dr. Ray Pritchard
Has this ever happened to you? You're in the middle of a busy day, maybe it's a
busy week. When you started the day there were fifteen things on your list.
You've done four and there are eleven left. It's about 2:30 in the afternoon.
and you are going just as fast as you can to get
through everything before the day is over. And suddenly you stop and say to
yourself, "Now why am I doing this?"
Has that happened to you? I think it happens to me about once a week. I think it
has happened to me several times this week. It's a good question to ask yourself
from time to time - "Why in the world am I doing this?"
I was thinking about that this week as I began to get settled down. Maybe you've
seen that sign that says, "If you don't know what you're doing, do it neatly."
Or the other one that says, "If you don't know what you're doing, act like you
do. Most people won't know the difference."
First Things First
From time to time it's good for us to stop and ask that question - What is it
that we are trying to do here?" It's good for all churches to ask that question
occasionally. I think it's especially important to ask that question just before
school starts because September traditionally marks the beginning of our Fall
programs. And of course it's doubly important to ask it whenever a new pastor
comes to a church.
For those reasons I think it's only fair that we take some time right at the
beginning and ask ourselves what Calvary Memorial Church is all about.
"And Now, A Word From Our Founder"
Now let me tell you what I want to do. Beginning this week, and continuing on
for the next four weeks, I want to go back to the Bible to discover what this
church is all about. In order to do that, I want to go back to the New Testament
and look at what Jesus himself had to say about the church. After all, he is the
head of the church and he is also the builder of the church. Whatever he says
can be trusted. We needn't worry about our theology of the church. If we have
his theology, we'll be all right.
Ladies and gentlemen, I think it is absolutely right and proper that we from
time to time stop and rethink our purpose for existence and ask the question -
What are we doing here?
And so this morning we are going back to the beginning, back to the words of our
founder, Jesus Christ. Back to the gospels. Back, in fact, to the very first
gospel. Back to the very first mention of the church in all the Bible.
Our text is Matthew 16. Jesus only mentioned the church twice in the gospels:
once in Matthew 16 and once in Matthew 18. That's all. We have no other recorded
statements from our Lord on this subject. Matthew 16 is the first. Therefore it
is exceedingly important.
I. Two Crucial Questions 13-16
A. The Context
Matthew 16 is a critical turning point in the ministry of Jesus Christ. By this
time he has been preaching for many months. He is well-known to the nation of
Israel. His fame has spread far and wide. The common people have embraced him.
They have seen his miracles and heard his teaching. And the word has spread from
village to village, "Have you heard about this man Jesus?" And along the dusty
roads of Galilee men discussed him and wondered who he really was.
Most importantly the religious leaders have heard about Jesus Christ and they
don't like what they have heard. He is a threat to their vested interests.
Earlier there had been a bitter confrontation between Jesus and the Pharisees.
They had accused him of doing miracles by the power of Beelzebub, prince of the
demons. In essence they say, "You have come straight from hell."
When we come to Matthew 16 it is clear that Jesus has been rejected by his own
people. his fate is sealed. The shadow of the cross looms overhead. And even
though the common people heard him gladly, they did not know who he was. They
liked him, but they did not worship him. To them he was a great teacher and a
great miracle-worker, nothing more.
So Jesus, in the midst of growing opposition and surrounded by crowds of people
who liked him but did not understand him, in the rising turmoil that would lead
eventually to Golgotha, did an unusual thing. He took his disciples and left the
nation of Israel. He went north out of Israel into Gentile territory, to a place
called Caesarea Philippi.
What happened there would change the course of history. Jesus knows that before
long he will hang on a cross. It is inevitable because the nation has rejected
him. Therefore his time is limited and his strategy must change. He must form a
new society to carry on in his name after he is gone.
But before he can do that, he must know where his men stand. He must bring them
out in the open. Are they with him? Do they know who he really is? If you want
to think of it in school terms, Matthew 16 is the disciples' final exam.
He has never before put them on the spot. He has never before directly asked
them this question. But he does in Matthew 16. In fact, Jesus actually asked his
disciples two questions. One was the warm-up; the other was the real thing.
B. The First Question 13-14
The first question is in verse 13. "When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea
Philippi, he asked his disciples, Who do people say the Son of Man is?'" Or, in
the words of the King James Version, "Whom do men say that I the Son of Man am?"
This was the first Gallup Poll. Jesus already knew the answer. He wanted his
disciples to acknowledge what other people were saying. So they gave him the
four most popular answers about who Jesus is. "Some say John the Baptist (that
was Herod's answer); others say Elijah (that was very popular because the Jews
expected Elijah to return); and still others, Jeremiah (he was the greatest of
the later prophets) or one of the prophets (that is, he was a spokesman for
I'm sure that when we read a passage like this we tend to downplay those answers
because we already know the right answer to the question. And we think, "Those
fools, they didn't know the answers." But those answers were meant to be
It would be as if someone came in and said, "Who do you think I am?", and people
said, "Well, I think you're George Washington" or "I think you're Abraham
Lincoln." If they really meant it, that would be a great compliment even if they
Even if they were wrong, you have to give them credit. At least they were wrong
on the right side of the issue. At least they knew that Jesus wasn't a bad man.
One commentator said that when the common people gave these answers they were
like "a moth hovering around the light." They were fascinated by what they could
There are two worthwhile points to note: First, the common people loved Jesus
even though they did not fully understand him. Second, it is quite possible even
with a very sincere heart to misunderstand who Jesus is. It is possible for a
person to be very sympathetic to spiritual truth and still not understand who
our Lord is.
That is, it is possible to misunderstand with the best of intentions.
This is quite typical of America today. There are many people who like the Lord
Jesus but do not worship him. They think he's a good man, even a great man, even
a man who had a special relationship to God. But they do not believe he is the
Son of God from heaven.
Many of you are familiar with C. S. Lewis, probably the greatest Christian
apologist of the twentieth century. He taught for many years at Oxford
University and later at Cambridge University in England. In his book Mere
Christianity, Lewis spoke to the issue of people who like Jesus and respect him
but do not worship him. This is what Lewis said:
I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people
often say about Him: "I'm ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I
don't accept His claim to be God." That is the one thing we must not say. A man
who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great
moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic - on the level with the man who says
he is a poached egg - or else he would be the Devil of hell. You must make your
choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or
something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill
Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let
us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher.
He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to. (pp. 52-53)
To be almost right about Jesus is to be totally wrong. Why? Because we are not
saved by good opinions about Jesus. We not saved because we have a good feeling
about Jesus. We are not saved because we like his moral teaching. That is not
To come close is not enough. The truth about Jesus Christ must be . .
Close is not enough!!!!
C. The Second Question 15-16
That is why the Lord having asked the first question, now asks a second one.
"Who do you say that I am?" (15) In the Greek text, that word you has an
enormous stress. In fact, the you really goes at the first of the sentence. It
is as if Jesus is saying, "But you who have followed me and have known me from
the beginning, who do you say that I am?" It is the greatest question in all the
universe and it is one which every man must eventually answer.
You will notice that Peter answers for all the disciples. That's because he was
the D.L. - the Designated Loudmouth. Whenever there was a question, Peter would
always be the first one to answer. And when Peter answers here, he is not
speaking simply for himself, but for all the disciples.
His answer is very, very specific. "You are the Christ, the Son of the Living
God." Again if I may go back to the Greek, the word "the" is repeated four
times. You could translate it this way: "You are the Christ, the Son of the God,
the Living One. Peter was saying, "I know who you are. You are the Messiah sent
to save us and you are the Son of God from heaven." It is short and simple.
Everything necessary for salvation is included in that statement.
I think some people would read that statement and say, "Well, that's no big
deal. I would say that, too." Sure, everybody here would probably stand up and
say, "You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God." But Peter was the first
person in human history ever to say it out loud. And he said it when few were
with Jesus and many were against him. He deserves all the credit, for without
his confession there would be no Christian church. In that sense, there is a
direct line between Caesarea Philippi and Oak Park. Without Peter's confession,
we wouldn't be here today.
II. Two Great Results 17-18
A. The Blessing 17
There are two other things we should notice here. Peter said, "You are the
Christ." Not "I say you are the Christ" or "People say you are the Christ" or
even "We got together and took a vote and we think you are the Christ." It is a
declarative statement - "You are the Christ." Nobody can say that except by the
work of the Holy Spirit because no man can discover that truth on his own.
That is why Jesus in verse 17 gives Peter a blessing. "Blessed are you, Simon
son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my father in
heaven." It's almost as if Jesus is saying, "It's a remarkable thing, Peter,
that a mere man discovered this." Flesh and blood have not revealed this to you.
That is, you didn't go to seminary to figure this out. And you didn't get this
because you had a Ph.D. This came because God in heaven revealed it to you.
There's a principle in verse 17 worth thinking about. The truth about Jesus
Christ can only be revealed to those to whom the Father chooses to reveal it.
That is, the truth about Jesus is divinely revealed. If a man does not see this,
we are not to despise him or to argue with him, but we are to pray for him. If a
man is blind, you don't curse his blindness. You pray God to open his eyes.
B. The Promise 18
Finally, notice that in verse 18 that Jesus calls him "Peter," not "Simon" or
"Simon Peter." In verse 17 he is called Simon. In verse 18 he is called Peter
which means "rock." Same man, different name. From Simon to Peter in just one
verse. What caused the change? The change was caused by the confession Peter
made. What changed Peter? He didn't change. What changed him was that he made a
confession of faith.
Which leads me at last to the great truth for today. What are we doing here? And
what is this church all about? The church is made up of men and women who
confess one revolutionary truth - that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of the
That is the fundamental principle of the church. It is our fundamental
organizing principle. It is the thing which makes us forever different from
every other organization, guild, club and fraternal order. We are joined here
today as men and women who believe one thing - that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son
of the Living God. We have staked our lives upon that fact.
And until you believe that, and confess that, you cannot be called a Christian.
It matters not that you may have positive feelings about Jesus Christ, or that
you think he was a very good man. You are not a Christian until you confess that
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the Living God.
* * * * * * * * * * *
I am saying in short that we believe something special about someone special.
- We believe that a man once walked this earth who was like no other man who
ever lived.- He said things no other man has ever said.
- He did things no other man has ever done.- He made claims for himself which, if they are not true, brand him as history's
greatest fraud.- He gathered around himself a group of men who believed his claims.- He predicted his own death
and then he predicted his own resurrection.
- He made good on all his claims.- After He left, his followers took his message and spread it around the earth.- And for 2,000 years countless men and women have believed that this man was
indeed the Son of the living God. And they have staked their lives upon it.- That man is Jesus of Nazareth.
- That is what Christians believe.- That is what this church is all about.
Now, where do you stand? Where do you stand this morning? No, you can't leave
until you answer. You don't have to answer out loud, but you've got to answer.
Who is he? A good man? A great teacher? One of the finest fellows who ever
walked the face of this earth? Or is he the Christ, the Son of the Living God?
What do you say?
Who is Jesus Christ?
What is your answer?
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