by Pastor Edward F. Markquart, Seattle, WA
Scripture: Luke 1:26-38, also 39-45
Today's sermon will focus on Mary, the mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, and one of the purposes of this sermon is to renew our appreciation for this woman. The Bible does say that she is the most respected of all women of all time.
Like so many personalities in the Bible, we know a good deal about Mary's life. We know enough from both historical tradition and the Bible to gain a fairly broad perspective on her. We know from James, a second century gospel, that her parents were Joachim and Anna. If you read the novel, TWO FROM GALILEE, by Marjorie Holmes, the author talks about Joachim and Anna as being the parents of Mary. This novel suggests that Mary is of the tribe of David, and that seems to be historically true. The Bible does not say that Mary is of the lineage of David, but in Luke 1:32, the Bible implies that she is of the house of David, just as is Joseph.
In the Bible, we first meet Mary when she was a young girl of about thirteen. For us, that means we picture a budding young girl, perhaps in seventh or even eighth grade in school. In other words, Mary was just starting to become a young woman. She was just beginning to go through that change within her whereby she would be able to give birth to a child. This was a very exciting time for her. Women would come to Mary and say, "Mary, we hear that you have become a young woman. When are you going to get engaged, Mary?" Or "When is your father, Joachim, going to make arrangements for you?" Her older siblings and aunts would tease and taunt her because she had matured to that very delicate time in life when she became a young woman and eligible for engagement.
Deep inside of her, she would have been asking herself another question: "Will I be the one? Will I be the one who is to be the mother of our Messiah? Will I be chosen to give birth to the anointed Savior of the Jews?" At that time in Israel, almost all the people were expecting the coming of the Messiah, the Savior. This anticipation was also in the hearts of young women that maybe they would be chosen to be the mother of the Messiah.
Mary's father arranged for his daughter to be engaged to a young carpenter by the name of Joseph. Their engagement lasted for one year. During this year that Mary and Joseph were engaged or betrothed, they prepared for their wedding, just as a young couple would prepare for their wedding and marriage. How did Mary prepare for her wedding and marriage? By sewing. Mary sewed the dishcloths, washcloths and towels. She sewed all her clothes for the wedding and marriage. She was focused on preparing for that day. Joseph, on the other hand, was a typical Jewish man. What would Joseph do to prepare for the wedding day? By building. A typical Jewish man would prepare their future house. He would build the furniture, the house, and make those kinds of preparations. He lived with his parents as he did this. Also, during their engagement, the couple would become acquainted, being building their relationship and start to fall in love with each other.
In my day and age, I have seen enough thirteen-year old girls running around this congregation, and I know how their feelings start to explode at this time. Their smiles; their inner radiance; their budding maturity as young women. I can easily imagine Mary's feelings of affection and fear during this time because Mary was a real live young woman with real live feelings. The same was true of Joseph: he was a real live man with real live feelings.
Jewish law took their engagement seriously. The Jewish law said that if Joseph died, Mary would be a widow. If she died, he would be a widower. If they separated, it was called a divorce.
In our Biblical resources such as the Gospel of Luke, Mary, this thirteen-year old girl, was visited by an angel, Gabriel. Gabriel was a messenger from God. Gabriel said, "Hail, favored one of Israel. The Lord is with you." Mary didn't know what to make of it; she was puzzled, worried, and afraid. The angel continued, "Do not be afraid Mary, for you have found favor with God." We could stop the sermon right here, if we wanted to. We have heard the Gospel in two statements. "Do not be afraid, Mary. Do not be afraid of your future." The very nature of fear is to be afraid of the future, what is going to happen to us or loved ones. Fear of the future. Of disease, death, lack of income. And God says, "Don't be afraid of your future." That is gospel. Then we hear a second line, "For you have found favor with God, Mary." Instead of Mary, substitute your own name. Larry, Pat, John, Jean. You have found favor with God and God is with you. Elsewhere in the Bible, God says, "Do not be afraid for I am with you wherever you go." What good news that is for each one of us
The angel went on to say, "You have found favor with God, Mary, because you are to give birth to the Messiah, the Anointed one." And Mary questioned, "Me? I am only engaged. I am not married yet. I don't have a husband yet." Then the angel said, "The power of the Holy Spirit will come upon you. The Holy Spirit will be like a shadow over you." When Luke said, the Holy Spirit will shadow over you; that same word was used in Genesis in the creation story. The Holy Spirit shadowed over the waters before the beginning of time, and God created life in those waters. In the same way, the Holy Spirit is now shadowed over Mary and created life in her. What is the bigger miracle? The Spirit over the waters in Genesis and God created life? Or the Spirit over the womb of Mary, creating life. Both are miracles. Miraculously, the Spirit created life over the waters in creation and the Spirit created life in Mary.
Mary was overwhelmed, but the messenger was not done speaking, "You know what? Your old Aunt Elizabeth is pregnant. With God, nothing is impossible. God did the impossible in Creation. God did the impossible in your old Aunt Lizie. And God did the impossible in you, Mary. God does the impossible all the time. " The messenger left and Mary said, "Lord, I am your handmaiden, your servant. Let it be to me according to your word. Do with my life and my body what you want to do."
The angel left. What were Mary's feelings? Who knows? Fear? Excitement? Incomprehension? Mary didn't really know what happened to her. She was wondering if all of this was true and so she went to the land of Judah to look for old Aunt Elizabeth. She found her old auntie, and sure enough, her old auntie was starting to expand. Her old auntie was looking pregnant, that was for sure. Aunt Elizabeth looked at Mary and said, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child in your womb. You are most blessed and you have believed God's Word to you." The baby in her belly kicked her a good one as if to join the celebration. And Mary? Mary exploded in a song of happiness, "My soul praises the Lord, for God is my salvation. I am so happy in God, my savior."
So, this is the essential outline of the story of Mary, the mother of our Lord Jesus Christ. There is much more that could be said about her. As I look at the Scriptures, it is amazing to me that Mary was the only human being with Jesus throughout his whole earthly life. That is, she was the only person to love Jesus before he was born. You mothers are keenly aware of how much you love the child inside of you way before the child was ready to be delivered. Mary loved Jesus at his birth. Every woman especially, way more than the husband, remembers what it was like when you actually delivered that baby. The mind remembers clearly every detail of a birth experience and so did Mary. Mary loved him as Jesus grew up as a young child. The customs of society clearly dictated that she bathed him, fed him, changed his diapers, and sewed his clothes. His childhood was Mary's focus. Mary loved Jesus in the temple at age twelve when Jesus amazed all of them with his profound wisdom. Mary pondered all of these things in her heart, wondering what this all meant. Mary loved Jesus when they were together at the wedding in Cana, the site of his first miracle. When you read the Biblical story, you sense that Mary was pushing Jesus to do the miracle and he wasn't even ready yet. A lot of mothers push their kids and it seems that Mary was no different. Mary loved Jesus when he told the crowds that Mary and her other sons weren't Jesus' true family; those who did the will of God were his true family. Mary understood. Mary loved Jesus at the foot of the cross, when she had to suffer the unbearable pain of watching her son be executed and she could do nothing about it. And finally, we see Mary in the Book of Acts, where Jesus had been raised from the dead and he now appeared as the Risen Christ. As I look at the Bible, Mary is the only person who loved Jesus from the beginning to the end. Of course, the Bible would declare that she was the most blessed of all women.
Three reflections about Mary.
It can be said of Mary that God chose a humble person to use as his instrument to accomplish God's work in the world. God chose a humble instrument. One translation of the Bible says that she was a "handmaiden," and the word, "handmaiden," really masquerades that she was a servant. The Greek word is "doulos," and this is a common well-used word in the Bible for servant or slave. Mary was a servant girl, a slave girl; she was someone else's property. The Bible says that Jesus was born of a woman under the law, a woman of low estate.
Mary was not from a high, noble class of people. I now use three words that begin with the letter "B." Mary was not a beauty queen. She was neither the Beauty Queen of Ballard nor the Holly Princess of Happy Hanukah. Mary was not one of those raving beauties with sparkling teeth and a sweet little figure. Nor was she from a family that had lots of bread. Mary did not come from a rich family like Carolyn Kennedy or Dorothy DuPont. The Bible says that her station in life was of a commoner and less than a commoner; she was a servant girl. God chose Mary, who was low and humble, to accomplish God's grand purpose. Mary was not the girl with brains; the valedictorian, the salutatorian, the number one genius of her generation. No, God did not go after a young girl with beauty, bread or brains. God chose a lowly person, of most common origins.
We find further examples of this principle in the Old Testament. If I had been God, I would have chosen the land of Egypt, the superpower of that historical era, with all their connections and chariots. If not Egypt, then I would have chosen Assyria or Babylon, for these were grand powers of human civilization. But God chose a little hick country like Israel and then a little hick town by the name of Bethlehem. God chose what was humble to accomplish God's purpose.
I like the following quotation: "Just as Jesus was born in a humble stable, so Christ today is only born in humble hearts." That quotation is potent. Just as Jesus was born in a humble stable, so Christ is born only in humble hearts. Proud people think they have no need of Christ; but those who humbly cry out to God need God's presence to heal, guide and forgive. We don't need to have beauty, bread and brains to be used by God.
A second point about Mary, the mother of our Lord Jesus Christ. Mary had the audacity to believe that God had chosen her. She said, "Do with my life as you want to." She had the audacity to believe that God had chosen her to be the mother of the Messiah. Mary didn't say like Moses, "Well, I am not good enough; God, get someone who can talk better." Nor was Mary like Zechariah, "Lord, give me a sign. Prove it to me and then I will believe." Mary simply believed that God chose her. Because she believed, she was able to put into effect what God had chosen her to do.
I believe that as God chose Mary, God has also chosen you and me. I believe that you are seated here in this congregation today because God has chosen you. God has chosen to use your life in God's mission for the world. I know that God has chosen me and God certainly didn't choose me because of my abilities. God chose me because God is gracious. He chose my life for a purpose, and I don't have to ask God what the purpose of my life is, what the mission of my life is, or what I am supposed to do. I simply know. And I simply know that God has a purpose for your life as well.
God has chosen you to be an instrument to carry Jesus Christ into the world. God has also chosen me, and through me, I go out into the world and I am to be the loving presence of Jesus Christ. I am not carrying Jesus Christ physically in my womb or uterus. I am carrying Jesus Christ in my heart, but I am carrying Christ just as Mary did. I carry Christ out into the world. I am the loving presence of Jesus Christ in my world, and God has chosen you to do that. You are a chosen person. If you have the audacity to believe that God has chosen you, you know that God is doing God's work through you. You too are a carrier of Christ, just as Mary, his mother, was. Like Mary, you are an instrument of God's.
Further, I firmly believe that God has not only chosen you individually, but that God has chosen congregations and this particular congregation, Grace Lutheran Church, to accomplish some good works of love on Christ's behalf. I do not believe it is an accident that we are now together as a pastor and people. God has brought us together to do a mission, to do a ministry together. I believe that God has several great tasks for this congregation to do. If you would dare to believe that, just as Mary dared to believe that in her own life. If you dare to believe that God has some significant missions for your individual life and our congregational life together, fantastic things will start to happen in the life of this congregation and in our individual lives. If you dare to believe that you are chosen, if we as a congregation are chosen.
Third, when Mary finally realized the miracle that God has worked in her, she broke out in song. Her heart could no longer be contained, and so she started singing at the top of her voice, "My soul praises God. For God has remembered what a lowly person I am and he has still chosen me. Praise God." Sometimes in life, there comes a moment when you just burst out with a song inside of you, and this is what happened to Mary. And when you realize the great things that God has done in you and your life; and these great things have nothing to do with beauty and bread and brains, your heart begins to burst with praise. It is truly amazing what God did through Mary. It is truly amazing what God has done and is doing through you, and through us as a congregation. Praise be to God. No wonder her heart was filled with praise, as is ours.
The other day or the other year or maybe in another decade, I was watching a young thirteen year old girl in our congregation. She was so frisky, with those flashing brown eyes. She was as fresh as a young filly. I was watching her, imagining what may happen to her as the years go by. I looked at her and thought of Mary, the young mother of Jesus, that young girl who was to become the carrier of Jesus Christ within her. What a blessing when anyone is a carrier of Christ within. No wonder the Bible says that she was the most blessed of all women. Amen.
Sermons, Bible Commentaries, Bible Analyses on St. Mary's Visit to Elizabeth
Malankara World Special on St. Mary
Malankara World Special on Shunoyo of St. Mary
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